The latest solutions for managing dollar spot
By Mike Agnew, technical services manager, Syngenta
Dollar spot (Clarireedia jacksonii) has long been identified as the most prevalent disease on golf courses across the country. It can infect many species of turfgrass, especially creeping bentgrass and annual bluegrass greens, tees and fairways. Single-site fungicides, which bind to a specific enzyme or interfere with a single metabolic process, have been used to treat dollar spot since the late 1960s. However, annual application limits and fungicide resistance have developed since then, leading to a demand for new control methods.
There are seven classes of fungicides that are labeled for the control of dollar spot. The level of control will vary with rates and application intervals. Of the seven fungicide classes, four have known resistance (Benzimidazole, Dicarboximide, SDHI and DMI), all of which are single-site fungicides.
Building a foundation program that includes a multi-site contact fungicide in each application is recommended for a solid disease program. Secure® Action™ fungicide provides a solution to resistance management, as it has no known resistance. Secure Action is a multi-site contact fungicide containing the active ingredient, fluazinam, which disrupts the production of energy at multiple metabolic sites within the fungal cell. Additionally, Secure Action contains the active ingredient acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM), which boosts turf’s natural defenses against dollar spot and increases the dollar spot control interval for up to 21 days.
Posterity® fungicide is the most active SDHI fungicide for the turf market. It features a single-site active ingredient for control of dollar spot, especially on fairways. Spring applications of Posterity provide up to 28 days of dollar spot control. Use Posterity as a preventive fungicide treatment at 7 fl. oz. per acre in an agronomic spray program, along with Daconil® Action™ fungicide or Secure Action, either of which can be used as a base for a dollar spot management program.
Up to twelve applications of Secure Action may be used in rotation with Daconil Action to protect your course all season long with multi-site contact on both greens and fairways. Secure Action should be applied at a rate of 0.5 fl. oz./1,000 sq. ft. (six acres per gallon) every 14-21 days.
The following practices are recommended for dollar spot control as part of your summertime agronomic program:
- Apply fungicides preventively, starting when conditions become favorable for disease: temperatures between 59° F to 86° F, continuous high humidity, cool nights and intense dews.
- Visit GreenCastOnline.com/DollarSpot to sign up for dollar spot alerts, which are based on the Smith-Kerns dollar spot prediction model.
- Rotating Secure Action with Daconil Action can help ensure that a multi-site contact fungicide is in every spray application. For broad-spectrum disease control that lasts 14 days, tank-mix with the labeled rates of Velista® fungicide, Briskway® fungicide or Headway® fungicide.
Since curative treatments with single-site fungicides may put your turf at risk for fungicide resistance, it is best to use preventive applications. If curative applications are necessary, it is best to spray Secure Action before using a single-site fungicide 14 days later. Tank-mixing and alternating fungicides are recommended for dollar spot to combat resistance.
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©2020 Syngenta. Important: Always read and follow label instructions. Some products may not be registered for sale or use in all states or counties. Please check with your local extension service to ensure registration status. Syngenta supports a FIFRA Section 2(ee) recommendation for the use of Daconil Action for control of dollar spot. Please see the Section 2(ee) recommendation to confirm that the recommendation is applicable in your state. Action™, Briskway®, Daconil®, GreenCast®, Headway®, Posterity®, Velista® and the Syngenta logo are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. Secure® is a registered trademark of Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha, LTD. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners.